Closing the high seas fishing industry or helping to increase catches in coastal areas
A recent study by the University of British Columbia in Canada shows that the closure of the high seas fishing industry will increase the catch by 10% in the future. Researchers at the project said it would help fishermen cope with the dilemma of climate-free fish-free catching.
William Cheung, a professor of marine and fisheries research at the University of British Columbia in Canada, pointed out that many important fish live in the high seas and coastal areas. Effective management of fish can promote the sustainable development of coastal fishing and help fishermen reduce the negative impact of climate change. influences.
The high seas are oceans outside the jurisdiction of any country, covering nearly two-thirds of the ocean's surface.
The researchers used a computer to simulate three management models for 30 important fish species in the high seas and coastal areas in 2050:
- Closing the high seas fishing industry;
- International cooperation in the management of the fishing industry;
-Maintain the status.
The researchers found that shutting off the high seas fishing industry can increase the flexibility of coastal countries to cope with climate change, especially for those in tropical countries who depend on the fishing industry for their livelihood. Climate change will have varying degrees of impact on the South Pacific, the Indo-Pacific, the West African coast, and the western coast of Central America.
As one of the project research sponsors, Rashid Sumaila, a professor at the Canadian Institute of Marine and Fisheries Research, said: “By closing the fishing industry in the high seas or rigorously improving management models, it will help mitigate or promote the impact of marine biological systems on climate change. ”